Ethnographic Arms & Armour
 

Go Back   Ethnographic Arms & Armour > Discussion Forums > Keris Warung Kopi
User Name
Password
FAQ Members List Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read


Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread Display Modes
Old 31st October 2020, 11:48 AM   #1
Jean
Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 1,470
Default Tangguh records

Dear friends,
I hope that all of you and your families are withstanding well this new confinement period ahead of us....
A close friend of mine from Solo passed me a very interesting booklet (in Javanese language and tranlated into bahasa Indonesia) containing the tangguh records from the late Wirasukagda, who was the Chief empu at the Surakarta Hadiningrat Palace during the reign of Pakubuwana X (1893-1939).
This booklet is unique as for each tangguh, it describes the features of the krisses made by the various empus of the period, so not only the general ones as found in the reference Javanese kris books such as Keris Jawa and the EK. Of course it does not mean that the descriptions of the krisses attributed to the periods before the Mataram kingdoms are accurate (legendary?) but it constitutes the best information source about tangguh which I ever met.
The described tangguh start with Pajajaran and end with Surakarta PBX, with the notable exception of Yogyakarta.
I am starting the translation of the booklet into English but this will be a very difficult task for me because of my basic level in bahasa Indonesia, and the double translation from Javanese to Indonesian.
Has any of you got an English translation of this booklet which he could share with us?
Best regards
Attached Images
 

Last edited by Jean : 31st October 2020 at 12:42 PM.
Jean is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 31st October 2020, 12:15 PM   #2
A. G. Maisey
Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 5,651
Default

error
A. G. Maisey is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 08:32 AM   #3
kai
Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Posts: 2,612
Question

Hello Alan,

I assume you know this work quite well. Is anything known how this information got compiled and published?

I know one can't learn tangguh from a book - how do the given criteria vibe with what you've learnt though?

Thanks a lot in advance!

Regards,
Kai
kai is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 10:08 AM   #4
Mickey the Finn
Member
 
Join Date: Dec 2017
Posts: 50
Default

Error or not, I myself would not mind having a complete edition/copy of this booklet to study for myself, if only primarily to help in understanding Bahasa Indonesia.
Even if it's not "hard data", keris lore usually makes for fascinating reading. If you know of anywhere I might access the complete text online, I'd be grateful.
A search of JSTOR yielded absolutely nothing, even with the alternate spellings I tried.
Thank you.
Mickey
Mickey the Finn is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 11:57 AM   #5
A. G. Maisey
Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 5,651
Default

Kai, Jean introduced this subject and I think that it might be nice if he expanded a little bit on it before I make any comments.
A. G. Maisey is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 12:07 PM   #6
kai
Member
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Posts: 2,612
Smile

Thanks for your consideration, Alan!

Jean, is it mentioned who did the translation into BI?

Regards,
Kai
kai is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 01:27 PM   #7
Jean
Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 1,470
Default

Kai, I don't know who made the translation into BI.
I don't know much more about this booklet than what I wrote before, but it was published by Toko Buku (bookshop) Sadu-Budi in Solo, probably more than 50 years ago (see pic, what I got is a copy only). The address of the publisher is (or was): "Kangaroo", Jalan Let. Jen. Sutoyo 2/II, Cenglik, Solo - Utara.
Mickey, you can view the summary of the book by typing "Empu Wirasukadga" on Google and then selecting "tangguh keris" on Wikipedia in BI. And unless you have a good level in BI, I wish you good luck for translating this booklet, you can test your abilities with the first page which I showed earlier...
Regards
Attached Images
 

Last edited by Jean : 1st November 2020 at 05:37 PM.
Jean is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 1st November 2020, 09:16 PM   #8
A. G. Maisey
Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 5,651
Default

I tried to find this booklet on line Jean, but I could not, however, if it is an online presentation of the original, that is in Romanised Javanese using Dutch spelling.

The page you presented is in standard Bahasa Indonesia, pretty straightforward, but like all this stuff it is subjective and really only clearly understood by the writer, and probably only then when he feels the same way that he did when he wrote it.
A. G. Maisey is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 2nd November 2020, 09:18 AM   #9
Jean
Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 1,470
Default

Thank you Alan. I will start the translation at my very slow pace for filling my free time during the confinement period which will probably last for long...
My primary interest is to compare the features of some of my krisses which are attributed to a specific tangguh or even a specific empu with the descriptions in the booklet. I suppose that plenty of forumites would like to do the same with their own krisses, but this may appear disappointing from my previous experiences.
Regards
Jean is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 2nd November 2020, 11:15 AM   #10
A. G. Maisey
Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 5,651
Default

Jean, if you want to try this there is one thing you must do before you even begin to do any comparisons, you must ONLY apply the indicators to keris of HIGH QUALITY.

At the time when this little primer was put together it is believed that the basic requirements that permitted something to be classified into a tangguh had not yet been corrupted.

Identify quality > find a dominant indicator > attempt to align other indicators > decide an overarching tangguh classification.

And never forget that you are dealing with a system that was intended for use by people who process information in a totally different way to the way in which people from a European socio-cultural base process information.

Good luck.
A. G. Maisey is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 3rd November 2020, 10:20 AM   #11
Jean
Member
 
Join Date: Jun 2009
Posts: 1,470
Default

Dear friends,
After having a very interesting discussion with Alan, it appears that my project to translate the BI version of the booklet into English is even more problematic than I expected (my attempt to translate the first paragraph was already very discouraging).
In fact the translation into BI was made in 3 steps: from old Javanese (honocokro) (1) into romanized Javanese (2) and then into BI (3), and this has caused multiple mistakes and inaccuracies. For instance, the translation into BI owned by Alan is significantly different from mine, so how can I expect to get a decently accurate translation into English? Well, this is disappointing but it seems that I will not be able pursue my project, and this could only be properly done by a kris literate person fluent in Javanese honocokro and English.
Regards
Jean is offline   Reply With Quote
Old 3rd November 2020, 10:52 AM   #12
A. G. Maisey
Member
 
Join Date: May 2006
Posts: 5,651
Default

Maybe not even then Jean.

If Wirasukadgo really was involved he would have made these notes in a way that were intelligible to him, not necessarily to everybody in general. This can be compounded by the fact that the way Javanese is used does not rely on words alone, plus the fact that the language itself is non-standard.

There are more problems in a project like the one you envisaged than there might appear to be.

In my opinion, the only feasible way to make sense of something like this is to sit down with the originator and use recognised audit methodology to reveal the intent of the writer.
A. G. Maisey is offline   Reply With Quote
Reply


Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

vB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Forum Jump



All times are GMT. The time now is 08:47 AM.


Powered by: vBulletin Version 3.0.3
Copyright ©2000 - 2020, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.
Posts are regarded as being copyrighted by their authors and the act of posting material is deemed to be a granting of an irrevocable nonexclusive license for display here.