Warangan used to stain a keris blade does not render the blade poisonous.
The warangan combines with the ferric material of the blade , in much the same way as the chemicals used to achieve a cold blue effect in firearms , combine with the ferric material of firearms. If by some extremely unlikely chance there was a residue of arsenic on a keris blade, this residue would be so miniscule that it would not cause any injury through a poison effect.
For those with an interest in arsenic:-
The word "cacam" puzzles me.
I do not know this word.
Nor do the seven Javanese people whom I have asked its meaning.
I cannot find the word in any Indonesian, Modern Javanese, or Old Javanese dictionary.
There is a word "cacampuri" in Kawi (ancient literary language) which seems to carry the meaning of mixing ingredients.
I would be very pleased to learn the meaning and origin of this word "cacam".
During colonial times there were many Javanese princes. I agree that it would be unlikely that at least some of these princes did not learn some Javanese martial art, however, in the written accounts of the education of those princes who rose to become rulers I can find no mention of these personages indulging in a study of silat, and quite frankly, I find it very difficult to reconcile the Kraton culture of the colonial era in Jawa with the study of silat by the heirs to the throne.
George Cameron Stone visited Jawa during the late colonial period, so in the matter of Javanese princes demonstrating systems of fence using the keris it is the probability of such systems being taught to Javanese royalty during this period which must be considered.I concede that the possibility does exist that George Cameron Stone was provided with a genuine exhibition of a system of fence specific to the keris, however, I cannot accept that this was a probability.
The word "kanuragan" is not a synonym for "silat".
"Kanuragan" in the sense of a protective discipline, means "invulnerable", and is a synonym of "kedhotan".
For those of you with an interest in understanding "kanuragan" you may care to visit this site:-
Gusti Djuminah was put under house arrest because of an interest in silat?
Isn`t it amazing how the truth of matters becomes buried in popular belief?
I had always thought Gusti Djuminah was exiled because he was a traitor.
Apparently many other people also think that this is what happened.
Ah well---truth will out.
Merpati Putih USA does make the claim that :-
"Merpati Putih Pencak Silat is the Indonesian Royal Familyís secret Martial Art and Inner Power System. MP was developed in the 1550ís and passed down through the generations very strictly from father to son & so on, only taught by the King to his Heirs. For over 400 years MP was very rarely if ever, seen by anyone outside the Royal Family. "
1550 is some considerable time prior to the Kartosuro era.
Regretably no references or documentation to support this claim are provided on the Merpati Putih USA website.
In spite of this long and regal history of silat in Jawa, there would seem to be no mention of it in literary sources, which to me, seems a little strange. I would have expected at least a passing mention in Centini, but I can find nothing.
I guess this proves beyond doubt that silat in Old Jawa was such a closely guarded secret, known of only by initiates, that virtually nobody else knew of its existence.