Ethnographic Arms & Armour

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-   -   War Hammer (Nadziak) (http://www.vikingsword.com/vb/showthread.php?t=20537)

Evgeny_K 28th September 2015 03:50 PM

War Hammer (Nadziak)
 
4 Attachment(s)
Colleagues,
What do you think about origins of this war hammer?
Ottoman? European ?
It has several markings of the same type.
Please, look at photos attached.
Regards.

fernando 28th September 2015 10:24 PM

Very interesting piece, Evgeny.
Can you give dimensions and weight ?

David 28th September 2015 10:52 PM

Are you sure this is a war hammer. I don't know much about these, but i have never seen one where the back end curves downward so much. :shrug:

Evgeny_K 28th September 2015 10:56 PM

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Hello Fernando!
Here is a pic with dimensions.
Unfortunately I can't weigh the hammer at this moment.
Feels like more than 200 grams.

Evgeny_K 28th September 2015 10:58 PM

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Quote:
Originally Posted by David
Are you sure this is a war hammer. I don't know much about these, but i have never seen one where the back end curves downward so much. :shrug:


I'm sure David.

here is another one (not mine)

kronckew 29th September 2015 01:03 AM

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the polish ones seem to favour the down-curved spike, some almost hook-like. which might be a useful additional function. most seem to be fairly utilitarian & had wood hafts. the hooks were used to drag an opponent off their horse by hooking their clothing or straps, mail, etc.

light horsemans war hammers (nadziak) were popular in poland's nobility long after they fell out of favour elsewhere.

ref: http://polisharms.com/warhammers/

mine: 15cm across, 2.5 cm. eye hole.

kronckew 29th September 2015 01:25 AM

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nadziaks with sharp downcurved spikes were sometimes called obuszek, as were those with an axe blade opposite the hammer head instead of a spike like this one of mine: the axe end could also hook. this one has a rather nasty butt spike that could finish off an opponent thru an eye or ear hole in their helmet.

Oliver Pinchot 29th September 2015 05:05 AM

The round pein and faceted spike are characteristic of Polish work. The repeating stamped motifs are also typical. Nice example.

Ibrahiim al Balooshi 29th September 2015 05:15 AM

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Oliver Pinchot
The form suggests Polish work. The repeating stamped motifs are also typical. Nice example.



Salaams Oliver Pinchot, On following up your post I discovered the development in Polish War Hammers followed the essential track of the following from http://www.jasinski.co.uk/wojna/spirals/s-hammer.htm

Czekan. The biggest sketch below.
It consisted of a hammer head on one side and an axe on the other side.

Nadziak. Shown as the only photo below.
The most popular war hammer had a hammers head which was often hexagonal in cross-section and tapering to the shaft. It was usually balanced by a long slightly drooping beak.

Obuch. The smallest sketch below.
Unlike the other two whose names evolved from Turkish, Obuch is an old Polish word - originally the blind end of an axe. It is similar to a Nadziak but with a curved beak which ended up pointing towards the shaft.

Regards,
Ibrahiim al Balooshi.

Oliver Pinchot 29th September 2015 06:38 AM

Salaam alaikum ya sadiq al karim.
This one looks to be 18th century.

Ibrahiim al Balooshi 29th September 2015 07:42 AM

Quote:
Originally Posted by Oliver Pinchot
Salaam alaikum ya sadiq al karim.
This one looks to be 18th century.



Salaams Oliver Pinchot, Nice to see your posts and I note at http://www.vikingsword.com/vb/showt...t=polish+hammer there is a great note by Jim Macdougal on this little attended weapon ...

Regards,
Ibrahiim al Balooshi.

Ibrahiim al Balooshi 29th September 2015 07:43 AM

1 Attachment(s)
Quote:
Originally Posted by Oliver Pinchot
Salaam alaikum ya sadiq al karim.
This one looks to be 18th century.



Salaams Oliver Pinchot, Nice to see your posts and I note at http://www.vikingsword.com/vb/showt...t=polish+hammer there is a great note by Jim Macdougal on this little attended weapon ...at #10.
n addition I note from web ...Eastern Europe and the influences of Western
Asia and the Steppes. Turkish and Tartar
fashion and weaponry were very popular in the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the late
16th and 17th centuries.
This is evident in Polish war hammers (nadziak)
and war axes (czekan). These are said to be derived namewise from Turkish whilst Obusk is a Polish word perhaps indicating provenance.
These long- handled weapons with small heads
were quite effective when swung from
horseback. I would suggest however that the advent of effective body armour was the precursor to such weapons being developed though the evidence must clearly be linked to other countries across Europe and for that we should compare Italian, German and other regions. It seems to me that the development may be from a mixed variety though Turkish and home grown Polish may well be at the front..if there is a front?? :)

In the 17th century, Nadziak war hammers and
Czekans war axes also became fashionable
walking canes for the nobility. Like many long handled original weapon axe/hammers such as the Mussandam Axe these became both a utility weapon/herders weapon and walking out accoutrements as well as a defensive item.

Here below is a highly ornate example sold at auction.

Description
A POLISH WAR HAMMER, IN 17TH CENTURY STYLE but actually19th Century. This is a Nadziac

The head formed with central spike of stiff-diamond section cut with wavy edges, small hammer-head formed with a beveled rectangular face, faceted tapering rear fluke, a pair of transverse spikes matching the rear fluke, all the elements projecting from a short molded neck, and with faceted tubular socket: on its original lacquered wooden haft with iron shoe.
The head 11½in (29.3cm)

Regards,
Ibrahiim al Balooshi.

Ibrahiim al Balooshi 29th September 2015 08:27 AM

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I see a variety of potential connections with German and Italian as well as indications of a Middle east root to the development of War Axes in Poland but I have to say that the likely driver for this type of weapon was probably the advent of armour... making it difficult to penetrate an armoured mounted Knight with simply a sword... The war axe
/hammer was ideal for this purpose.

Here is an North Italian version of late 16th C in the single picture and a group of 8 weapons from German, Italian and Venetian forms...from the same period. Met Museum.

Ibrahiim al Balooshi 29th September 2015 08:38 AM

The following advice carries a warning... Gather together several bags of sandwiches and drinks hot and cold...and disappear into your favourite Ethnographics corner at home and paste this into search..

file:///C:/Users/LENOVO/Desktop/aaaaa/Dziewulski01.pdf

This is a fabulous review ...I will say no more... :)

Regards,
Ibrahiim al Balooshi.

Evgeny_K 29th September 2015 09:36 AM

Quote:
Originally Posted by Oliver Pinchot
The round pein and faceted spike are characteristic of Polish work. The repeating stamped motifs are also typical. Nice example.


Thank you Oliver!
So it's a Polish nadziak?

BerberDagger 29th September 2015 12:23 PM

Hello , It remember me the ancient luristan or sarmatian hammer ... I ve a similar one in bronze .Your seems later maybe 16th-17th century.... Very nice exemple .

Emanuel 29th September 2015 05:02 PM

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Hello,

My apologies but are we quite sure this is not just someone's reworked rail spike? Similar dimensions and rough look.

Rail spikes are a favourite for blacksmith/bladesmith exercises in making knife/axe blades and hammers heads.
See this example


I also have teeth from 19th century agricultural machinery with very similar stamps :shrug:

Emanuel

Evgeny_K 29th September 2015 05:27 PM

Emanuel, I'm SURE that it's not a reworked spike :D

Emanuel 29th September 2015 06:06 PM

Ok Evgeny, glad to hear it :)
This has happened before though, so just wanted to make sure.

Oliver Pinchot 30th September 2015 02:50 AM

Yes, Evgeny. This type is very closely based on the Ottoman form.

broadaxe 2nd October 2015 10:40 PM

Quote:
Originally Posted by Oliver Pinchot
Yes, Evgeny. This type is very closely based on the Ottoman form.


Indeed, probably Arab/Druze variation. The Druze people call it 'Clink', a horseman's weapon.

Evgeny_K 5th October 2015 12:04 PM

Quote:
Originally Posted by broadaxe
Indeed, probably Arab/Druze variation. The Druze people call it 'Clink', a horseman's weapon.


Place of a find does not comply with this version.

ulfberth 15th October 2015 09:59 AM

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Hello Evgeny,

Here are some war hammers from the Landeszeughaus in Graz , an arsenal like collection.
This has become quite an interesting thread thanks to all the comments of the forum members.
As Ibrahiim has already pointed out, it does seem that the hammer you've got there is indeed European.
I'm sure it is not a reworked big spike, I have some 17th C spikes here, but I don't know if it would be appropriate to post them.

kind regards

Ulfberth

Sancar 15th October 2015 11:01 AM

Quote:
Originally Posted by Ibrahiim al Balooshi
Salaams Oliver Pinchot, On following up your post I discovered the development in Polish War Hammers followed the essential track of the following from http://www.jasinski.co.uk/wojna/spirals/s-hammer.htm

Czekan. The biggest sketch below.
It consisted of a hammer head on one side and an axe on the other side.

Nadziak. Shown as the only photo below.
The most popular war hammer had a hammers head which was often hexagonal in cross-section and tapering to the shaft. It was usually balanced by a long slightly drooping beak.

Obuch. The smallest sketch below.
Unlike the other two whose names evolved from Turkish, Obuch is an old Polish word - originally the blind end of an axe. It is similar to a Nadziak but with a curved beak which ended up pointing towards the shaft.

Regards,
Ibrahiim al Balooshi.


Hello İbrahim, do you know which Turkish words this two terms evolve from? My first guess is Çevgen(polo stick) for Czekan, and Nacak(small hand axe) for Nadziack; but these are just based on phonetic similarities, so it is probably wrong.

fernando 15th October 2015 11:45 AM

Quote:
Originally Posted by ulfberth
... I have some 17th C spikes here, but I don't know if it would be appropriate to post them...

To support te discussion ... why not ? :cool:

ulfberth 15th October 2015 01:03 PM

3 Attachment(s)
Here they are Fernando,

Clearly the one Evgeny posted is a true hammer while these are nails.
17; 14 and 7 cm

kind regards

Ulfberth

Evgeny_K 15th October 2015 05:01 PM

Quote:
Originally Posted by ulfberth
Hello Evgeny,

Here are some war hammers from the Landeszeughaus in Graz , an arsenal like collection.
This has become quite an interesting thread thanks to all the comments of the forum members.
As Ibrahiim has already pointed out, it does seem that the hammer you've got there is indeed European.
I'm sure it is not a reworked big spike, I have some 17th C spikes here, but I don't know if it would be appropriate to post them.

kind regards

Ulfberth


Hello Ulfberth,
Thank you for the picture.
Regards,
Evgeny

broadaxe 16th October 2015 11:20 PM

I say again - clearly Ottoman influenced (could have been from both sides of the empire). Maybe East European or Balkan, possibly 'fokos'. Too long to be made of rail spike. BTW, Ottoman rail spikes were made of wrought iron that cannot be hardened, so they were useless as recyclable material for country weapon manufacture.


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